Waste: Write Less Code

One of the biggest forms of waste is code. An estimated 80% of features in a software project are never or rarely used. This makes code the software development equivalent of inventory. Having a warehouse full of inventory is not a benefit, neither is having a repository full of code.

How to Have Less Code?

Delete it!

As much as you can within reason of course, tests must pass and features must still work. Deleting feels great when you can successfully remove some legacy code. You'll be surprised at what can be removed. Commented out code, unused classes and methods are the obvious first candidates.

Say No To Features by Default

Only add them if the benefit outweighs planning, designing, development, testing and maintenance costs combined. Even then, do you really need it? The advice here is do not listen to your customers regarding which features to add, instead listen to their problems.


Try and see if a library or framework can handle your use case. They may not be a perfect fit, but if isolated correctly the use of third party code can mean a massive reduction in code you need to write. You still need to maintain and configure third party code however.

Benefits of Less Code

Remember - code is a liability. The job of software developer is not to write code, it is to solve problems. Sometimes this takes thousands of lines of code, other times it can take a simple conversation.